People normally refer to depression as being an all-inclusive diagnosis, but there are different types of depression.
Therapy can help you address the specific situation that is troubling you. Depression is a crippling disease. It could be that your case does not even fall under these categories, or that you have a little bit of each.
When working with a therapist, they will ask you questions to better determine your case and put a treatment plan in place.
Here are the 3 common types of depression:
You feel sad, at times falling into a non-desired state but your friends and family are able to get you back to an improved state. There are bad days but you have good days too. You isolate sometimes but that is only temporarily. This is the kind of state where people manage the most on their own, by reading self-help books to gain skills or talking to friends or family members.
Reactive type of Depression
You have a big loss, you lost your job or you lost a family member. Your state lasts for weeks as you go through a grieving period or as you collect your strength back to normal. You may contact a therapist and maybe able to handle the situation without medication. Eventually, you will recover from what happened to you, but it can take some time.
Major Depression (formal diagnosis)
Some individuals have the same problems of every day or reactive depression but they are unable to recover. It takes them weeks or months, sometimes years to recover. Sometimes they need to learn how to live with the condition for the rest of their lives. You may contact a psychiatrist or a doctor to prescribe medication and in addition to it, you want to have the assistance of mental health therapist to help you with the skill while you are taking the pill. A combination of both approaches is probably the best.
Symptoms for major depression stem from a mix of a biochemical disorder with a genetic component where people cannot take the simplest pleasures of life (anhedonia or absence of dopamine). They suffer from guilt and they grieve extensively. They might engage in self-injury as they turn aggression inwards.
Some people say they can’t get out of bed, and that is because depression causes psychomotor retardation (absence of norepinephrine). They are often tired, they can’t do simple tasks such as laundry or taking a shower. They have trouble sleeping or they wake up in the middle of the night, their sleep is not constant. Their appetite decreases, among other vegetative symptoms.
If you are unsure about the different types of depression, it is helpful to talk to a therapist. If you and I are not a good fit for one another, I can help you find a referral.